Sustainable Chemistry

Sustainable Chemistry is an area of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering which aims in improving the efficiency of products and processes that are friendly to the environment by minimizing the use and generation of hazardous substances. Sustainable Chemistry is also known as “Green Chemistry”. Environmental Chemistry and Sustainable Chemistry are related; however, they differ in the fact that the former explains the effects of polluting chemicals in nature whereas the latter explains the technological approaches to prevent pollution and to reduce the consumption of non-renewable resources. Sustainable Chemistry involves the design, manufacture and use of efficient, effective, safe and more environmentally amiable chemical products and processes. Several principles are adopted to reduce the environmental and health impacts of chemical production and for the development of green chemistry technologies. 

Sustainable Chemistry eliminates the risk of chemicals at the design stage itself. The elimination of risks in the beginning of chemical design process have a lot of advantages over our health and environment throughout the design, production, use and disposal processes. The use of alternative and renewable materials including the use of agricultural waste or biomass and non-food-related bioproducts is the major principle of Sustainable Chemistry. Other principles focus on prevention of waste, less hazardous chemical syntheses, and designing safer chemicals including safer solvents. The design of chemical products to safely degrade in the environment, efficiency and simplicity in chemical processes are the other areas of focus in Sustainable Chemistry. A transformation to green chemistry techniques would result in safer workplaces for industry workers, greatly reduced risks to fence line communities and safer products for consumers. The efficiency of Sustainable Chemistry allows companies to consume less raw materials and energy as well as save money on waste disposal. Consumers and business purchasing departments can promote green chemistry by demanding safer, non-toxic products from manufacturers. This will help give a competitive advantage to everyone thereby creating a sustainable environment.

  • Supercritical fluids (SCFs)
  • Atom economy
  • Bio remediation
  • Environmental Chemistry

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